The official Csa2 (comp.sys.apple2) Usenet newsgroup Apple II FAQs
  originate from the.II Computing Apple II site,1997-2017.
  Csa2 FAQs text file ref: Csa21MAIN2.txt  rev 225 December 2016
..                                    ..       .

..Apple II  FAQs  Main Hall-2: Contents

     This area lists all of the FAQs Questions by topic as well as all of the FAQs Resource files.
To get an answer to a question or questions under a topic, click on the topic heading. This will
take you to the topic page. Once there, click on any question to get quickly to its answer.
Clicking on the line ( _______ or -------)  beneath any answer takes you back to the questions

     FAQs Resource files are pics, diagrams, mini-manuals, programs, etc. which are referenced
in one or more FAQs answers. Resource files have names like R007BATRAMM.zip and
R004STEREO.GIF. They are maintained on the Ground archive and a few other sites and linked
to here.

     You can scroll through this list or use the pointers ( . ) next to each topic heading to
hop forward (  )  or  backward (  ) among topics.

...Csa2MAIN:  General Apple II and Getting Started Q&A.

 001- What is a FAQ?
 002- What is comp.sys.apple2 and how can I read/post messages there?
 003- What software do I need to get started and how do I get it?
 004- How and where do I download and upload Apple II files?
 005- Where can I get Apple II information, software, books, and parts?
 006- What is an Apple II: The KIM
 007- What is an Apple II: The Apple I
 008- What is an Apple II: The Apple ][ and Apple ][+
 009- What is an Apple II: The "Black Apple"
 010- What is an Apple II: The Apple //e
 011- What is an Apple II: The Apple //c and IIc+
 012- What is an Apple II: The Laser 128EX and 'EX/2?
 013- What is an Apple II: The Apple IIgs
 014- What is an Apple II: The Apple IIe Emulation Card
 015- What is an Apple II: The Trackstar Apple II Emulation Card
 016- What is an Apple II: Emulators
 017- Apple "][", "Apple II", "Apple //"-- which is correct?
 018- What is "8 bit" and "16 bit"?
 019- How can I tell what version my computer is?
 020- Suppose I just want to start using my Apple II Now!?
 021- Where do I find out about Apple II users' groups?
 022- How can I find out more about using and programming my Apple II?
 023- Where can I find out about Apple II developers?

...Csa2ACCEL:  ZipGS, TransWarp, etc. accelerators

 001- What are the correct settings for a ZipGS?
 002- Why should Appletalk Delay be disabled with a ZipGS?
 003- How do I set up a Transwarp on my IIe?
 004- Is there a way of disabling Transwarp for games?
 005- What are specs & jumper settings for a vintage SpeeDemon?
 006- How does the SpeeDemon rate as an accelerator?
 007- My SpeeDemon accelerator board seems to run hot. A fix?
 008- How should the DIP switches be set on a v3.03 SpeeDemon?
 009- How can I get a 'Cache Hit' indicator for my ZipGS?
 010- How can I program the ZipGS registers?
 011- How can I set up a ProDOS sys file to turn my ZipGS OFF/ON?
 012- Is there some ZipGS mod that will improve performance?
 013- I have a 7MHz ZipGS. How fast can the board be pushed?
 014- What Oscillator freq corresponds to what upgrade speed?
 015- How do I experiment with different oscillator frequencies?
 016- How do I modify my ZipGS to accept the new "skinny" RAM chips?
 017- Is it really necessary to increase board voltage
 018- What kind of performance increase can I expect?
 019- How can I modify my ZipGS for more cache and more speed?
 020- Do I need new GALs to speed up my TransWarpGS?
 021- How does a TWGS cache upgrade compare with a speed upgrade?
 022- How can I upgrade my TWGS to 32k cache?
 023- How can I upgrade TWGS speed?
 024- What kind of RAMs do I need for a TWGS or ZipGS speedup?
 025- How can I tell the firmware version of my TWGS?
 026- For my TWGS, do I need the 2B GAL to use a SCSI interface card?
 027- Why are my ZipGS settings via the Zip CDA forgotten?
 028- What do the check-marks mean in the ZipGS CDA?
 029- Why don't my ZipGS settings match DIP switch settings!?
 030- I have a ZipGS. Sometimes my GS 'hangs' on power-up. Why?
 031- The speedup has led to system crashes. What's the problem?
 032- A new accelerator board has led to crashes. What's the problem?
 033- How can I get a display of IIgs speed?

...Csa2APPLICS:  Applications information

 001- What Operating System environments does the GS support?
 002- What GS programs are there for viewing/converting graphics?
 003- What Apple II emulators are available and where can I get them?
 004- What is a good file copier program for the IIgs?
 005- Where can I find PEEKs & POKEs and monitor routine info?
 006- How can I boot a good GS System with no hard disk?
 007- Can I do Reverse Speech on my IIgs?
 008- Is it possible to run PaintWorks from hard disk?
 009- How can I read a single ProDOS block into memory under BASIC?
 010- Is there an Apple II program for ham radio CW code practice?
 011- Can my GS do file sharing with a Mac's hard drive?
 012- How can I use a Mac as a network server with my GS?
 013- How can I set up an Appletalk network for 30 IIgs's
 014- How can I capture a GS super-res screen to disk?
 015- What programming languages are available for the Apple ][?
 016- How can I see and edit what's in a Text file?
 017- How do I save a BASIC program in ASCII text form?
 018- Where and how can I get GS System 6.0.1?
 019- Is a graphical user interface (GUI) available for 8-bit A2's?
 020- Where can I get Applesoft shape table info and programs?
 021- How can I get a Postscript file from a GS document?
 022- Where can I get Appleworks and Appleworks info?
 023- Where can I get Apple II languages and programming info?
 024- How can I boot DOS 3.3 images on the Bernie IIgs emulator?
 025- Is there a way to convert two-column Text to one column?
 026- Where can I find an Apple II memory map?
 027- How can I move A2 programs to Quick BASIC on my PC?
 028- How can I read .doc files under Windows?

...Csa2CDROM:  CD-ROM drives and interfaces

 001- What do I need to get/do to use Music and Data CD's on my GS?
 002- What do I need discQuest for?
 003- How can I back up my files on write-able CD-ROM?
 004- Is a special driver needed for a Toshiba External 2X CD-ROM?
 005- How can I get sound from my Apple HSS card + CD300 CD-ROM?
 006- Where can I buy CD-ROM discs for the Apple II?
 007- Where can I find more info on CD-ROM drives, products, etc.?
 008- Where can I find out more about CD-ROM recording?

...Csa2DOSMM:  DOS and ProDOS

 001- What is a "DOS"?
 002- What DOS's are available on Apple II computers?
 003- Are there any faster better versions of DOS 3.3?
 004- What commands are available in DOS 3.3?
 005- How do I use DOS commands from the keyboard?  a program?
 006- How do I use variables in a DOS command?
 007- How do I create new DOS 3.3 diskettes?
 008- How much storage space is on a 5.25" diskette?
 009- Can I format a DOS 3.3 diskette for just data storage?
 010- What is the "Volume Table of Contents" or "VTOC"?
 011- Can I assign names to my DOS 3.3 diskettes?
 012- What does it mean to "Boot" a disk?
 013- What file types does DOS 3.3 have
 014- What do the entries in a DOS 3.3 Catalog display mean?
 015- Re. DOS 3.3 file names: How long? What characters are legal?
 016- How can I use DOS 3.3 to read/write sectors from machine code?
 017- How many 'official' versions of DOS 3.3 are there?
 018- How can I find out the address and size of a BLOADed file?
 019- What information is included in the VTOC and Catalog sectors?
 020- How does DOS 3.3 remember which sectors are used?
 021- What are the formats of DOS 3.3's main file types?
 022- How can I run DOS 3.3 programs from 3.5" disks and hard disk?
 023- How can I get DOS 3.3 from the net without an A2 tcom utility?
 024- What is ProDOS?
 025- What are ProDOS's major features?
 026- Which Apple II's can run which versions of ProDOS?
 027- How can I create bootable ProDOS diskettes?
 028- How do I make a ProDOS disk that will boot and start a BASIC program?
 029- What is the maximum size of a ProDOS volume?
 030- How do I LOAD, SAVE, etc. files under ProDOS?
 031- What is a "pathname"?
 032- What is the default volume and folder when ProDOS boots?
 033- How can I set default volume and folder under ProDOS?
 034- How can I discover the volume name of a just booted disk?
 035- How do I create a folder?
 036- How can I access ProDOS routines from machine language?
 037- How can I convert DOS 3.3 wares to run under ProDOS?
 038- How can I modify ProDOS to do BLOADs to Text Page 1?
 039- How can I boot ProDOS on my Franklin computer?
 040- What are some good DOS 3.3 and ProDOS references?
 041- How can a BASIC program tell which DOS it's running under?

...Csa2DSKETTE:  Diskettes

 001- How many tracks can I use on a 5.25" diskette?
 002- Can I use high-density 3.5" and 5.25" diskettes on my A2?
 003- How can I tell DD from HD diskettes if they are not labeled?
 004- Some old 5.25" disks with splotches don't boot. What gives?
 005- How can I defragment a diskette and what is the speed gain?
 006- Why aren't my old diskettes recognized by GS/OS?
 007- Can I read Apple II diskettes on my PC?
 008- Where the heck can I buy double density 3.5" & 5.25" diskettes?
 009- Where can I find out about different floppy disk formats?
 010- How can I copy disks?
 011- How can I read Apple II 5.25" floppies on a Mac?
 012- Can I create standard 3.5" IIgs diskettes on a Mac?
 013- Can I transfer files on MS-DOS disks to my IIgs?

...Csa2ERRLIST:  Apple II series ERROR codes

 001- What does error #___ mean?
 002- How do I do the IIgs Self-Test; what does Error Code ___ mean?
 003- What does RamFAST Fatal Memory Fault Error ___ mean?
 004- What is the explanation for getting a ___  error?
 005- Where can I find more information on Apple II series errors?

...Csa2FDRIVE: Floppy drives

 001- How do I add a write-protect On-Off switch?
 002- How do I add external speed adjustment to my Disk ][ drive?
 003- How can I adjust my 5.25" drive for optimum performance?
 004- How do I clean my disk drive R/W head(s)?
 005- What is the pinout for a duodisk drive connecting cable?
 006- What DuoDisk mods are necessary?
 007- Will a Duodisk function correctly on my ROM 3 GS?
 008- How do I fix a false Write Protect?
 009- My 3.5 Disk Drives don't work! What should I try?
 010- I added SCSI; now, my 3.5" drives often fail to work. Why?
 011- Both of my Disk ]['s come on when booting! Is there a fix?
 012- In connecting a Disk II I misaligned the connectors. A fix?
 013- A sound like a shotgun going off came from my drive. A fix?
 014- Uni-disk and Laser drives: neither works with my IIc. Why?
 015- How do I replace a 3.5" drive mechanism with one from a Mac?
 016- I have one 5.25" drive. Sys6 shows two icons!? Is there a fix?
 017- How can I tell a 13-sect interface card from a 16-sect model?
 018- Can a Disk ][ Drive be used on a IIc or GS smartport?
 019- How do I install a bi-color LED R/W indicator in my Disk ][?
 020- What's the scoop on the 3.5" High Density drive?
 021- What is a "UniDisk"?
  022- What is a "RAM disk"; and, how do I create one on my IIgs?
 023- Which 3.5" drive/interface combinations work on a IIe?
 024- How can I boot from my /RAM5 RAM disk?
 025- My 5.25" drive ruins every disk I insert. How can I fix it?
 026- Incorrect 'Disk Full' error on a 3.5" UniDisk drive. Why?

...Csa2FLUTILS:  ShrinkIt and other file utilities

 001- What are "binscii" files and how are they used?
 002- What are .SHK files and how do I use them?
 003- How do I get ShrinkIt or GS-ShrinkIt going on my Apple II?
 004- How do I deal with type $00 Apple II files I get on my Mac?
 005- Can I work with .zip files on my Apple II?
 006- What are DSK, NIB, 2MG, HDV,... disk image files & how do I use them?
 007- Where can I get ShrinkIt, binscii, DSK2FILE, ASIMOV, etc.?
 008- I have downloaded  files in "gz" format? How do I use them?
 009- Which programs can change ProDOS filetype?
 010- What is Copy II Plus and where can I get it?
 011- How do I use Copy II Plus to create and convert IMG files?
 012- How do I set write protection for an emulator disk image?
 013- How can I create a disk image from a ShrinkIt .sdk file?
 014- How can I convert a .po image to/from a .dsk or .do image?
 015- What do file name extensions mean & how do I access the files?
 016- How do I tell what kind of file this is?
 017- How can I create new .dsk, .nib, etc. disk images?
 018- How can I convert .dsk image <--> .nib image?
 019- How can I convert Diskcopy images to diskette or to other formats?
 020- How can I move files to/from .dsk and .2MG disk images?
 021- How can I unfork forked files on my Apple II?
 022- How can I mount disk image files directly under GS System?

...Csa2GAMES:  Games, game info, and game creation

 001- Where can I get games for my Apple II?
 002- Where can I find hints, docs, pics, and other game information?
 003- Where can I get game creation programs and information?
 004- What are some games in double-hires?
 005- Which IIgs games will not run on a ROM 3 IIgs?
 006- Where can I find out about A2 Infocom & Infocom-style games?
 007- What games, etc. are on the 'Asimov Want List'?
 008- For disk space used, what is your favorite Apple II game?
 009- Where did the Apple II Game Gods go?
 010- Are there any games which play 'old Apple II' music during action?
 011- Are there any new games for the Apple II/IIgs?
 012- How do I get my Apple II game site listed in the FAQs?
 013- How do I play the games?

...Csa2HDNSCSI:  Hard drives, SCSI, and interfaces

 001- How difficult is it to add a hard drive to my IIgs?
 002- What kinds of hard drive systems are available?
 003- What do SCSI ID numbers mean?
 004- What is "SCSI-2" and how is it different from SCSI-1?
 005- Will a SCSI-2 hard drive work with an Apple II system?
 006- Will my Rev. C SCSI Card work with a SCSI-2 drive?
 007- What is SCSI "termination power"?
 008- Can I avoid the "RamFAST/SCSI is searching SCSI bus" delay?
 009- What is the pinout for the standard 50-pin SCSI cable?
 010- What's the SCSIHD.DRIVER patch to ignore DRIVER43 partitions?
 011- What is the "bad bug" in the ROM 3.01e RamFAST?
 012- What are correct HS SCSI settings, etc. for a Bernoulli drive?
 013- What are the settings for a CMS hard drive controller card?
 014- Does it matter when I power-ON my SCSI hard disk?
 015- Can I leave SCSI devices I'm not using turned OFF?
 016- Is there a generic SCSI tutorial available for downloading?
 017- What is the correct time-out setting for a Focus hard drive?
 018- How do I modify my Apple SCSI card to supply Termination Power?
 019- Can I get a Focus drive bigger than a couple hundred MB?
 020- My hard disk is on a CMS SCSI. How do I install System 6.0.1?
 021- How is DMA set for SCSI cards with 8MB RAM cards on the GS?
 022- My 20MB Focus bombs and there's some goo on the card. A fix?
 023- Where can I find the RamFAST manual on the net?
 024- How can I tell which Apple SCSI card I have?
 025- Where can I find Profile maintenance and formatting info?

...Csa2HDWHACK:  Hardware hacking and hardware projects

 001- What's a good hardware project book for the Apple IIe?
 002- How can I use a thermistor to read temperature on my A2?
 003- Will a prototyping Slot Board fit all Apple II's with Slots?
 004- What is the pinout for the Apple II series Slots?
 005- I've been getting Fatal System Error 0911. Is there a fix?
 006- Why does my GS Control Panel keep resetting to the defaults?
 007- How do I replace my GS "BatRAM" battery?
 008- Is there a program to record/restore Control Panel settings?
 009- How I can safely clean out dust from my Apple II?
 010- How can I safely remove oxidation from IC pins?
 011- After smoke came from my GS the KB doesn't work. What's wrong?
 012- What is the mini circuit board near the front of my GS for?
 013- How do I add RAM & set jumpers on the IIgs 1MB Memory Card?
 014- How can I move my IIgs to a PC tower case?
 015- How can I convert a IIgs into a portable IIgs?
 016- Where can I get Robot kits to use with my Apple II?
 017- Where can I get "Zip" package chips for my AE GS RAM-III card?
 018- What chip can I use to replace a bad RAM IC in my IIe?
 019- Could someone please post a resistor color code chart?
 020- What advantages does the ROM 3 GS offer vs. the ROM-01 GS?
 021- How can my ROM 3 GS + 8MB Sirius card do large file copying?
 022- My ROM 3 with RamFAST crashes with an 8MB Sirius. What's wrong?
 023- Where can I find Apple II diagrams?
 024- What No Slot Clock chip should go in my IIc+ and where?
 025- Where can I find Apple II socket, etc. pinouts?
 026- What IC do I need to use the GS-RAM Plus in my Apple IIgs?
 027- Where can I get prototyping boards that fit Apple II Slots?
 028- What are the numbers and functions of major Apple II ROMs?
 029- What is the C-One?
 030- How can I whiten my browned Apple II case, KB, mouse, etc.?

...Csa2HISTORY:  Apple History, Chronicles, Woz,  ....

 001- Where can I find an in-depth history of the Apple II?
 002- What happened in the final years of the Computer Wars?
 003- How did Woz invent the Apple computer?
 004- What did the first Apple ads look like?
 005- When did the Apple II FAQs begin and who have maintained it?

...Csa2KBPADJS: Input devices  (Keyboards, joysticks, mouses, ...)

 001- How do I do the Shift Key Mod?
 002- What's a "VIDEX" board?
 003- I need a GS ADB keyboard cable! Where can I get one?
 004- How can I make a PC-to-Apple Joystick converter?
 005- How can I do an Apple-to-PC Joystick conversion?
 006- What are the dip-switch settings for the "BITMOUSE" card?
 007- How can I switch my IIe keyboard layout to Dvorak?
 008- What keyboards work as replacements for a GS keyboard?
 009- What is a Koala Pad and how do I test it?
 010- Can I convert a C-64 Koala Pad to work on my Apple II?
 011- How do I make the internal cable for a IIe numeric keypad?
 012- Is there a cable or card which lets you connect two joysticks?
 013- How do I write programs for the Apple Graphics Tablet?
 014- Why does my II+ KB act like the CTRL key is always pressed?
 015- Can I replace my bad IIe keyboard with one from another IIe?
 016- Why does my IIe keyboard keep repeating characters?
 017- How do I read the joystick on a GS in native mode?
 018- Is a Y-adapter available for my GS keyboard?
 019- How do you use the Kensington TurboMouse with a IIgs?
 020- How do I clean my mouse?
 021- What is the best kind of mouse pad?
 022- How do I clean my keyboard?
 023- Is there a fix for a bad trigger on my Flight Stick?
 024- How can I improve the feel of my original (beige-key) IIc KB?
 025- Can I replace my broken GS mouse with one from a Mac?
 026- What is the pinout for the IIe, //c, and similar 9-pin mouses?
 027- How do I write programs which use the mouse?
 028- How can I replace a bad keyboard encoder IC on my IIe?
 029- Can I use an Apple III joystick on my Apple II?
 030- How can I be sure my joystick is properly adjusted?
 031- How can I play joystick games on an emulator?
 032- How do I fix a "stuttering" IIgs? (IIgs keyboard fix)
 033- How can I use a PC mouse on my Apple II?

...Csa2MONITOR:  Display monitors

 001- How can I fix an unstable display?
 002- I'm using a TV + IIc RF module. How can I improve the display?
 003- What monitor repair Safety precautions are recommended?
 004- How do I discharge the High Voltage anode?
 005- How do I open my RGB monitor's case and get set for repairs?
 006- What tools and solder should I use for repairs?
 007- What's the fix for a flickering, jumping display?
 008- How can I fix an all-red, all-blue, etc. monitor display?
 009- Is there any more RGB Adjustments info?
 010- How do I adjust Centering on my GS RGB color monitor?
 011- How do I adjust Focus & Intensity on a blurry GS RGB Monitor?
 012- What is a replacement for the RGB "flyback" power transistor?
 013- How do I fix sporatic Shrinking and Flicking in-out of Focus?
 014- How do I fix a serious case of shimmy on my GS monitor?
 015- Which monitors and adapters can I use to replace my IIgs monitor?
 016- What are the pinouts for Commodore's 1084 monitors?
 017- What is a "composite video monitor"?
 018- What is the usual way to connect an Apple II to a display?
 019- How can I do the "Color Killer Mod" on a //e?
 020- My A2 display doesn't work with a "TV/Game Switch". How come?
 021- Can I use a color TV with my IIc+?
 022- What is the //c/IIc+ video port pin configuration?
 023- Where can I buy a replacement RGB monitor for my GS?
 024- What kind of RGB monitors will work with a IIc?
 025- Can I replace my GS RGB monitor with one from a PC?
 026- What are the specs and pinout for the GS RGB monitor?
 027- Do I need monochrome monitor to get a clear 80-col display?
 028- Is there a high-quality replacement for RGB monitors?
 029- Can I use a GS RGB monitor with my IIc?
 030- Why does a composite monitor I added show a fuzzy dim display?
 031- Is my SecondSight board the cause of increased system crashes?
 032- Why do Inwords and PublishIt bomb on my SecondSight board?
 033- How many dots are actually sent to the GS monitor per line?
 034- My GS RGB monitor takes a long time to get bright. A fix?
 035- Where can I get a GS RGB monitor cable?
 036- Can I replace my Apple II composite monitor with a PC VGA monitor?
 037- IIgs monitor screen goes blank and power light goes out. A fix?
 038- Why doesn't hires look as good on my GS RGB monitor?

...Csa2POWER:    Apple II power, power supplies, and cooling

 001- What's the pinout and load specs for the IIgs Power Supply?
 002- Are the power supplies for the ][+ and IIe interchangeable?
 003- What are the output capabilities of GS and IIe power supplies?
 004- Can I use a 'generic' surplus power supply in my Apple II?
 005- How do fatter leads reduce noise on the +5V & +12V lines?
 006- Is there any more that can be done to eliminate glitches?
 007- Is there a power supply upgrade kit for the Apple IIgs?
 008- What kind of internal fan can I install in an Apple IIgs?
 009- Why do so few GS power supplies have a fan installed?
 010- What are some good Apple II power supply fix tries?
 011- Some of our classroom IIe's don't work at all. Is there a fix?
 012- Why does my Apple IIe often fail to turn on?!
 013- What does a rapid chirping noise on a GS power supply mean?
 014- How do I fix a nearly dead GS power supply?
 015- What is a "Buggie Power Supply"?
 016- Do I need the metal shielding in my GS case?
 017- My System Saver IIgs has gotten very noisy. How can I fix it?
 018- My System Saver IIgs panel feels springy? Is there a problem?
 019- Can an overloaded power supply affect IIgs sound?

...Csa2PRINTER:  Printers and printer interfaces

 001- How do I do the Imagewriter II self-test?
 002- What are the DIP switch settings for IW-II and IW-LQ printers?
 003- How do I do the ImageWriter-LQ alignment test?
 004- Can I use a 'straight-through' cable to connect my IW-II?
 005- My ImageWriter II doesn't print! What's wrong?
 006- How can I keep paper from jamming in my Imagewriter II?
 007- The bottoms of letters don't get printed. How can I fix this?
 008- What is the 'trick' for restoring a printer ribbon?
 009- How do I connect a "Centronics interface" printer to my Apple?
 010- Where can I get a Grappler+ cable? What is the pinout?
 011- What are the DIP switches on my Grappler+ for?
 012- What printers will the Harmonie drivers work with on my GS?
 013- What's the best GS interface for connecting a parallel printer?
 014- How can I use my Epson Color Stylus 800 with my IIgs?
 015- Why aren't fonts found after being moved to a new GS volume?
 016- When I run Platinum Paint I get error $1301. What's wrong?
 017- Can I clean the nozzles on an Epson Stylus printer?
 018- What is the pinout for a GS to ImageWriter I cable?
 019- Where can I get Imagewriter II ribbons?
 020- How can I connect my Imagewriter II to a PC?

...Csa2SOUND:  Sound, sound boards, and sound software

 001- How does the GS produce so many simultaneous sounds?
 002- Is there a way to output quadraphonic sound on a IIgs?
 003- Do I get Stereo from my IIgs Sound Output jack?
 004- Why should I add a stereo board to my GS?
 005- How can I build my own GS stereo board?
 006- How can I transfer sound files created on a Mac to my GS?
 007- How do I program a Phasor Sound Card?
 008- What is required to build a Sound Input board for my IIgs?
 009- What's what re. MockingBoard hardware and programming?
 010- How do I get my MockingBoard to work on my GS?
 011- How do I play Ultima IV/V with MockingBoard sound on my GS?
 012- How can I get 'regular Apple sound' to play through MB outputs?
 013- What GS programs will let me play MIDI files?
 014- Would FExt.NDA let you play through Synthinit?
 015- Can I play .WAV files on my GS?
 016- What formats are used for audio files?
 017- How do I use my Echo speech synthesizer to produce speech?
 018- What types of sound files are used on the GS?
 019- Where can I find more info on cards, editing, digitizing, ...?
 020- What is "old Apple" sound and how is it produced?
 021- What is a good source for .WAV and .BNK files?
 022- How can I get more System Sounds for my GS?
 023- How can I run Music Studio 2.0 from hard disk?
 024- How can I record better sound samples on my IIgs?
 025- Squeals and other noises spoil my GS stereo board sound? A fix?
 026- My IIgs has no sound from the internal speaker. What's the fix?
 027- Where can I find GS music and music creation programs?
 028- Does any Apple II emulator include Mockingboard support?
 029- Does anyone know what a "Supertalker" card is used for?
 030- My GS stereo board's sound output is very low and noisy. A fix?
 031- How can I create sounds and music on my 8-bit Apple II?
 032- Where can I get Mockingboard disks and music?

...Csa2T1TCOM:  Telecom- hardware and transfers

 001- How do I transfer files between my Apple and a PC or Mac?
 002- How do I transfer/convert my A2 word processor files to a PC?
 003- How do I use ADT and ap2222pc to xfer disks between A2 and PC?
 004- How do I transfer files between computers using NULL modem?
 005- How do I NULL modem Text files without getting garbage?
 006- How do I make a "NULL Modem" cable?
 007- What is the maximum length for a NULL modem connection?
 008- What are the connections for a standard modem cable?
 009- How do I make a GS hardware handshake High-Speed modem cable?
 010- What is the maximum modemming speed I can get from my Apple II?
 011- What telecom programs run on Apple II computers?
 012- Where can I get ADT, ADTgs, Agate, Modem MGR, Spectrum, ...?
 013- What are the settings for the Apple Super Serial Card?
 014- What are the Serial Pro card's dip switch settings?
 015- What are the settings for an Apple Serial Interface Card?
 016- What cable can I use to do NULL modem transfers with my IIc?
 017- What cable(s) can I use to connect a modem to my IIc?
 018- How can I connect a modem with a Dsub-9 socket to my IIgs?
 019- How can I program the Super Serial Card in assembly language?
 020- How do I set up Hyperterm to do transfers with my Apple II?
 021- How do I get an Applesoft program into a PC-DOS computer?
 022- I want to use a faxmodem with my //GS. Is this possible?
 023- Can I do modem-to-modem transfers between my home computers?
 024- What cable can I use to do Apple //c <---> PC ADT transfers?
 025- Where can I buy modem cables and NULL modem adapters?

...Csa2T2TCOM:   Telecom- downloading and uploading

 001- What's the easiest way to download files from Apple II sites?
 002- Some of my downloads are bad; what's wrong?
 003- Are there download files I should process on the PC (or Mac)?
 004- How do I upload files?
 005- What kinds of files should I upload to which sites?
 006- How can I read & send email and newsgroup msgs with my A2?
 007- With a fast modem, how can the IIe connect to the internet?
 008- I'm running the Lynx web browser. Where do I put the URL?
 009- How do I download an .SHK file through Lynx?
 010- Can I send and receive FAXes using my Apple II?
 011- What is a "Binary II" header?
 012- Should I add a Binary II header to files I upload?
 013- How can I use my Apple II on the internet?
 014- Why do I get bad .zip downloads? Is there a solution?

...Csa2ZIPTF:    Zip Drive, Tape, Flopticals, SCSI, and interfaces

 001- What is a "Zip drive"?
 002- What is a "Zip disk"?
 003- What do I need in order to use a Zip drive?
 004- What kind of SCSI interface card do I need?
 005- How do I install a Zip drive?
 006- How do I get started using the Zip drive?
 007- How does Zip Drive speed compare with a hard disk's speed?
 008- Can I use Zip disks to transfer files to/from other computers?
 009- Will forgetting to set the termination switch cause damage?
 010- How does Zip Drive perform with an Apple HS SCSI card?
 011- Is a CMS SCSI card adequate for connecting a Zip drive?
 012- Which SCSI interface works best with a Zip Drive?
 013- Will I be able to format and partition a Zip disk?
 014- Should I let the Finder handle formatting of new Zip disks?
 015- Can I format a Zip disk for HFS?
 016- The disk in my Zip Drive is not recognized. How come?
 017- I added SCSI; now, my 3.5" drives often fail to work. Why?
 018- Why do I get this "Ramfast/SCSI is searching SCSI bus" msg?
 019- What's a good utility for doing tape backups on the GS?
 020- What's needed to add a SCSI Tape backup unit?
 021- What about tape backup on a IIe?
 022- Does Apple's Hi-Speed SCSI card allow swapping Zip disks?
 023- What can I do after the Zip on my Apple SCSI "sleeps"?
 024- What is the "Click of Death"? Is there a fix?
 025- What is a "Qic" tape? A friend needs to read a Qic-80 tape.
 026- How do I restart my HS SCSI + Zip when the Zip deactivates?


.         Csa2 Apple II FAQs Resources

  File               Description                Referenced    From

R001a2ad.htm      html text of 1977 A2 ad       Csa2HISTORY   JAW
R002WOZGS.GIF     GIF picture of Woz IIgs       Csa21MAIN1    CTT
R003ADGPIC.GIF    GIF picture of 1977 ad        Csa2HISTORY   JAW
R004STEREO.GIF    GS Stereo Card Diagram        Csa2SOUND     JH
R005SPLITC.GIF    ZipGSx Split Cache Mod pic    Csa2ACCEL     JH
R006SPDKNOB.GIF   Disk ][ Speed Knob pic        Csa2FDRIVE    JH
R007BATRAMM.zip   BatRAM Save/Restore program   Csa2HDWHACK   JH
R008SCSITUT.TXT   Generic SCSI Tutorial         Csa2HDNSCSI   DLM
R009SCSIMOD.GIF   Apple SCSI cards TermPwr Mod  Csa2HDNSCSI   DB&HH
R010APPLE1.GIF    GIF picture of the Apple I    Csa2HISTORY   CTT
R011SNDFMTS.htm   Audio File Formats Guide      Csa2SOUND     DH
R012echo.htm      Echo Speech Mini-Manual       Csa2SOUND     CTT
R013PHASOR.htm    Phasor Snd Card Mini-Manual   Csa2SOUND     CTT
R014CDROMIN.TXT   CDROM drives, products info   Csa2CDROM     SCD
R015SNDNMUS.htm   Apple II Sound & Music info   Csa2SOUND     IS
R016V1HIST.HTML   Apple II History, Volume I    Csa2HISTORY   SW
R017V2HIST.HTML   Apple II History, Volume II   Csa2HISTORY   SW
R018V3HIST.HTML   Apple II History, Volume III  Csa2HISTORY   SW
R019V4HIST.HTML   Apple II History, Volume IV   Csa2HISTORY   SW
R020V5HIST.HTML   Apple II History, Volume V    Csa2HISTORY   SW
R021V6HIST.HTML   Apple II History, Volume VI   Csa2HISTORY   SW
R022TRKSTAR.htm   TrackStar Q & A               Csa2HDWHACK   BW,MK,WS,JH
R023PINOUTS.htm   Apple II pinouts              Csa2HDWHACK   CTT
R024GSSPECS.htm   Apple IIgs specifications     Csa21MAIN1   S
R025APPLTXT.zip   TXT Resource files in a .zip* Csa21MAIN2    --
R026GSEMUS.htm    GS emulator benchmarks chart  Csa2APPLICS   GT
R027MOCKBD.HTML   Mockingboard sound manual     Csa2SOUND     MS
R028LCCARD.htm    IIe Card for Mac LC FAQs      Csa21MAIN1    PB
R029PCA2XRF.GIF   Reg PC-A2 joystick converter  Csa2KBPADJS   JH
R030PCA2RF.GIF    Auto-fire PC-A2 JS converter  Csa2KBPADJS   JH
R031SSCPRG.TXT    SSC info for Programmers      Csa2T1TCOM    AH
R032MMAP128.TXT   128k A2 Memory Map and info   Csa2APPLICS   DE
R033EMUJSMOD.GIF  Mod: PC stick for A2 emus     Csa2KBPADJS   JH
R034MOUSEPRG.TXT  Write programs using mouse    Csa2KBPADJS   DE
R035WHITEN.HTML   Whiten plastic using H202     Csa2HDWHACK   GR,EA,JH

*Note: R025APPLTXT.zip includes all of the Text FAQs Resource files (except
       the R0xxHIST.TXT files) in a .zip file. Use WinZIP or similar utility
       to unzip to obtain the files.
       Last updated on 3 March 2011.

AH-    Aaron Heiss
BW-    Bill Whitson
CTT-   Charles T. Turley
DB-    Dan Brown
DE-    David Empson
DH-    Dave Huizing
DLM-   Daniel L. Miller
EA-    English Amiga Board guys
GT-    Gilles Tschopp
GR-    George Rentovich
HH-    Harold Hislop
IS-    Ian Schmidt
JAW-   Jason A. Wells
JH-    Jeff Hurlburt
MK-    Michael Kelsey
MS-    Mary Sauer
PB-    Phil Beesley
S-     Supertimer
SCD-   Stephen C. Davidson
SW-    Steven Weyhrich
WS-    Wayne Stewart