.The official Csa2 (comp.sys.apple2) Usenet newsgroup Apple II FAQs
  originate from the II Computing Apple II site,1997-2017.
  Csa2 FAQs text file ref. Csa2ZIPTF.txt  rev225 December 2016

  Zip Drives & Tape.  ......
     also see Hard Disks & SCSI  and CD-ROM

 001- What is a "Zip drive"?
 002- What is a "Zip disk"?
 003- What do I need in order to use a Zip drive?
 004- What kind of SCSI interface card do I need?
 005- How do I install a Zip drive?
 006- How do I get started using the Zip drive?
 007- How does Zip Drive speed compare with a hard disk's speed?
 008- Can I use Zip disks to transfer files to/from other computers?
 009- Will forgetting to set the termination switch cause damage?
 010- How does Zip Drive perform with an Apple HS SCSI card?
 011- Is a CMS SCSI card adequate for connecting a Zip drive?
 012- Which SCSI interface works best with a Zip Drive?
 013- Will I be able to format and partition a Zip disk?
 014- Should I let the Finder handle formatting of new Zip disks?
 015- Can I format a Zip disk for HFS?
 016- The disk in my Zip Drive is not recognized. How come?
 017- I added SCSI; now, my 3.5" drives often fail to work. Why?
 018- Why do I get this "Ramfast/SCSI is searching SCSI bus" msg?
 019- What's a good utility for doing tape backups on the GS?
 020- What's needed to add a SCSI Tape backup unit?
 021- What about tape backup on a IIe?
 022- Does Apple's Hi-Speed SCSI card allow swapping Zip disks?
 023- What can I do after the Zip on my Apple SCSI "sleeps"?
 024- What is the "Click of Death"? Is there a fix?
 025- What is a "Qic" tape? A friend needs to read a Qic-80 tape.
 026- How do I restart my HS SCSI + Zip when the Zip deactivates?

Zip Q&A 001-008 info mainly from the 1996 II Alive review by Eric Dietrich

001- What is a "Zip drive"?

     The typical Zip drive is a 100MB removable media system. Cobalt blue in color,
the popular external drive is compact and light-- about the same size as the newer
external modems. The model 100s "SCSI Zip" connects to the any computer with a
SCSI port including the Apple IIgs or IIe equipped with a SCSI interface card.

     The Zip drive is made by Iomega. Price for the 100MB external model is around
$130. This includes the drive, cable, information sheets, one disk with "Zip Tools",
and a 3.5" installation diskette. (The material on the zip disk is PC/Mac compatible and
the diskette is for MS-DOS. This stuff will come in handy should you wish to be able
to use your Zip drive on a PC with a SCSI port or on a Mac. None of the software is
required for using the Zip Drive on an Apple II.)


From: David Wilson

     Below is updated information on available Zip Drive models:

100MB Zip Drive models now include ...
 External- parallel, SCSI, "Plus" (SCSI/parallel), usb
 Internal- SCSI, IDE, and three ATAPI drives

250MB Zip Drive models include ...
 External- parallel, SCSI, usb
 Internal- ATAPI


002- What is a "Zip disk"?

     A Zip drive disk is a cartridge just a bit larger and thicker than the familiar 3.5"
floppy diskette with a smaller shutter and no physical write-protect mechanism. It is
rated as among the more rugged moderately-high-density removable disks.

     100MB disks sell for around $10. 250MB disks sell for around $20.


003- What do I need to use a Zip drive?

     You need an Apple IIgs or Enhanced IIe and a SCSI interface card.


004- What kind of SCSI interface card do I need?

     There are three 'popular' options: The Apple Revision C, The Apple
Hi-Speed, and the RamFAST. The Revision C is older and a bit slower because it
does not utilize direct memory access (DMA), a feature that the Hi-Speed and
RamFAST have. The Apple cards are no longer made or supported; but, you may be
able to buy one at a swap meet.

     The Sequential Systems RamFAST has DMA plus an on-board cache of either
256kB or 1MB, making it the fastest interface available. RamFAST has a full set
of utilities in ROM, so, it's easy to set up, too.


From: Willie Yeo

     Apple Hi-Speed SCSI card users need to remember that these cards normally
do not supply termination power. (RamFAST does; but, not the Apple Hi-Speed
SCSI card.)  To work properly with the GS, a Zip drive connected to the Apple
Hi-Speed SCSI card requires either another device that can supply termination
power, or requires a hardware hack on the Apple Hi-Speed SCSI card to provide
the termination power.

Note: The Apple Hi-Speed SCSI card termination power modification is detailed
in the Hard Drive and SCSI FAQs.


005- How do I install a Zip drive?

     The main Zip installation step is plugging it in. The drive uses DB-25
connectors and, so, most likely, the cable will plug directly into your
interface card with no need for an adapter. In case you need an adapter for an
older 50-pin plug, these can be obtained from Alltech.

     If you already have other SCSI devices, the one currently plugged into the
interface can plug into the Zip. Or, the Zip can be plugged into a hard disk,
CD-ROM, etc. at any point in the chain of SCSI devices.

Set SCSI ID Number-  Every hard disk, CD-ROM drive, etc. on your SCSI chain
needs its own ID number (0-7). While most devices are flexible and will allow
you to choose any available ID, Zip gives you a choice of two: 5 or 6. If you
are using an Apple Hi-Speed card and you already have a hard disk, you'll have
to set the Zip to 5 in order to continue to boot off of your hard disk (which
needs to be 6). The RamFAST is somewhat more flexible in that it doesn't take
ID 7 for itself and will allow you to boot from any SCSI device.

Set Termination-  Another consideration is termination. If all you have
connected to your SCSI card is the Zip Drive, then you should set the switch on
the back to turn ON the termination. If you have other devices that come after
the Zip, then you should set it to OFF. (Actually, the Zip presents a light
termination load and can be left with termination ON whether or not it is the
last device.)  The last device in the chain (the one farthest from the
interface) should always have termination set ON.

     Hardware-wise, that's it. In all likelihood, your setup will work fine. If not,
you can get help from experts at Alltech, post a question on comp.sys.apple2,
or, even, read the documentation that came with your SCSI card (when all
else fails ...).


006- How do I get started using the Zip drive?

     Once your drive is connected, its time to start your machine and prepare a
Zip disk for use. The Advanced Disk Utility (on a IIgs) or the utility that
came with your SCSI card can do formatting and set up partitions (i.e. create
named "Volumes"). Usually, with new for-PC Disks, just partitioning is required
for use under ProDOS. Each 100MB disk can hold three max-size (32MB) ProDOS

     If your interface is a RamFAST rev. D 3.01f or later model, you will be
able to treat Zip disks much like large floppies. They will mount and unmount
properly in the GS Finder, etc..

     Most other interface cards will want to treat your Zip Drive and disk like
a hard disk. This is because the cards were designed before removable
high-density R/W media became popular. You may be able to swap in a disk after
booting; but, the new disk is likely to be treated as though it is the disk
which was present during power-up. This could lead to messed-up partitions,
lost files, and other problems. With such interface cards, the safe way to swap
Zip disks is to turn OFF the computer.


007-How does Zip Drive speed compare with a hard disk speed?

     Iomega claims 29ms average access time, which is slower than modern hard
disks but, still, very speedy.


008- Can I use Zip disks to transfer files to/from other computers?

Mac--> IIgs

     Yes. However, Macs put a driver on the disk as well as a partition map.
Both look like partitions to the IIgs. Since the IIgs can't read them, it will
ask you to format or eject. Here's a trick you can try: When you insert a
Mac-formatted Zip, just click "eject" until the disk mounts. The IIgs will then
ignore the extra Mac stuff, and mount just the legitimate volume(s). (E. D.)


From: Supertimer

Mac <--> IIgs

     Shared HFS GS/Mac disks should be formatted on the IIGS because the IIGS
tends to provide a format that is acceptable to both platforms while the Mac tends
to ignore the needs of the IIGS.

     Besides the standard Apple Disk Utility (ADU), you will need GenEx. GenEx
extracts the generic Mac SCSI driver from ADU's resource fork and puts it into the
IIGS' drivers folder. Thus, when ADU looks in that folder, it finds and installs the
driver and does not give the "no mac driver found" error.

     You can download GenEx (GenEx.shk) from Ground. GenEx info is available
as GenEx.shk.txt.

     Once you get GenEx, use the following procedure to prepare Zip disks:

Go to the Apple Advanced Disk Utility (ADU) on the IIgs and select Partition Drive.
Delete all the partitions except one and resize that one partition to fill up the entire
drive. Click on the button to repartition the drive. At this point, ADU will ask you if
you want to low level format and warn you that it is going to take a long time.
Click on Yes.

ADU will wipe the drive. By doing it this way, you are giving ADU a clean slate to
install the GenericMacSCSI driver onto the drive.

Finally, initialize the HFS volume.

     Surprise, the new Zip disk works on both the IIGS and Mac without annoying


From: John Holmes and Tarage

PC--> IIgs (also, maybe, IIgs--> PC and PC <--> Mac)

     DataViz sells a product called MacOpener 2000 for machines running Windows
that actually allows you to use all HFS formats, except for 400K/800K floppies, on
your PC while running Windows. This goes not only for reading the media but also
writing and formatting as well.

     I put a zip disk in my Parallel Port Zip drive on my PC and formatted it HFS and
copied some of the //gs software I had downloaded. It worked on my IIgs (equipped
with a SCSI zip 250 drive) like a charm!


From: Supertimer and Rubywand


     You can use MUG! to R/W MS-DOS formatted Zip disks. Mug! (mug101.bxy)
along with an info file is on Ground.

     MUG! is an NDA (New Desk Accessory) which must be started from the 'Apple
menu' (click on the Apple symbol) available at the top of a typical GS desktop-type

     One thing to be aware of is that MUG! should be used from an application other than
Finder (the usual main GS "desktop display").  The Finder and many other applications
will do a drive check, find the MS-DOS Zip disk, and respond with something like:
"Installed FSTs do not recognize disk, do you wish to format it or eject it?".

     MUG! seems to work fine when selected from Platinum Paint or PMPUnZip. (If
you start from Platinum Paint, be sure to go to 640 mode first in order to be able to
see the entire MUG! display.)  PMPUnZip is, probably, your best bet because it is a
relatively small program.

     Once, say, PMPUnZip is started, you can insert your PC Zip MS-DOS Zip disk
and start MUG!. Setting the Copy option to "to GS/OS", I copied several .shk, .wav,
and .jpg files from the Zip Disk to /RAM5 RAM disk with no problem.


From: Rubywand

009- Sometimes I forget to set the termination switch correctly
     after using my Zip drive on another machine. Will this damage

     If you normally connect your Zip drive somewhere in the middle of your
Apple II SCSI chain and forget to turn OFF termination, it probably does no
harm. The Zip is said to have rather "weak" termination-- i.e. its termination
resistors present a relatively light load. This may explain why GS users report
no data loss problems on Zip or other devices when Zip is located in the middle
of a SCSI chain with termination set to ON.

     If your Zip drive is normally connected at the end of your Apple II SCSI
chain and you forget to set it to ON, there is a decent chance of Zip drive
Read and Write errors.


From: The Mangler

010- How does Zip Drive perform with an Apple HS SCSI card?

I had many problems when I first started with the Iomega Zip on my GS and it
isn't the most reliable thing - But it works.

1.) Make sure that the Zipdrive is hooked directly to your HS Apple SCSI card.

2.) Chain your Zipdrive to the external HD which you will be using.

3.) Attach a terminator adapter to the back of the remaining port on your
external HD - The Zipdrive has a weak termination and requires another
terminator source.

As for getting your GS to recognize the Zipdrive in all applications:

1.) Turn on your Zipdrive

2.) Turn on your external HD

3.) Turn on the GS

4.) Put the Zipdisk in the drive before GSOS is booted so that it may be
scanned and recognized.

Last, if you are working on the GS for a long time and suddenly the Zipdrive
Icons don't pop up when you load Finder, simply eject the zipdisk and push it
back into the drive.


From: Sloopy Malibu

011- Is a CMS SCSI interface card adequate for connecting a Zip drive?

     I have had a Zip Drive hooked to a CMS SCSI card (1990 ROM) for 2-3
years in my IIgs without a hitch. Basically you just go into the setup for the CMS
card. It will partition the drive into 32 meg sections which you can access two at
a time-- It makes three on a Zip disk. Then once GS/OS is booted it tells you
that the disk is unreadable and asks if you want it formatted and you hit ok for
each virtual drive and there you have it. (I never tried formatting it with HFS
since I didn't need a partition larger than 32megs.)

     The one thing to remember is DON'T EJECT THE DISK while booted.
Go to shutdown first and, when it tells you to shut it off, then change disks.


From: David Empson

     I would strongly discourage using the CMS card.  It is designed to work with
CMS hard drives. I don't know how well it can handle removable SCSI devices;
and, it might not be able to handle more than 64 MB. So even if you can get the
card to work with the ZIP drive, you may not be able to access all of the disk.

     Another problem is that the CMS card doesn't support the standard partitioning
scheme used by other Apple II SCSI cards.  It uses a set of jumpers on the card
to configure the partition sizes, and doesn't support the partition map mechanism
at all.  In other words, it uses "hard partitioning".

     See if you can get hold of an Apple or RamFast SCSI card, which follow all the
standards as far as partitioning goes.


From: Rubywand

012- Which SCSI interface works best with a Zip Drive?

     Your best choice is the version 3.01f RamFAST.  Along with good speed,
Direct Memory Access support, and on-ROM utilities, you also get an interface
which permits ejecting a Zip disk and mounting a new Zip disk from the System 6
Finder. (There is no need to restart the system in order to swap disks.)

     The RamFAST 3.01f also supports a variety of CD-ROM drives and hard disk


From: Supertimer

     The same can be said of the Apple High Speed SCSI. With a partitioned Zip
disk (or CD-ROM), you have to lasso or shift-click to highlight all the partitions
and drag them to the trash to eject the disk. (As long as one partition remains on
the desktop, the disk stays in.)  There is no need to turn off the computer to swap
disks. The interface is a bit slower than RamFAST. However, it actually supports
MORE hard disk drives than the RamFAST.


From: David Empson

The problem with non-support of removable devices only applies to the original Apple
SCSI card, not the high-speed one, and even then it only applies underProDOS-8.
You just need to be careful not to switch disks without rebooting, because it won't
realize that a new disk (potentially with different partitioning) is in the drive.


From: Rubywand

013- Will I be able to format and partition a Zip disk using the
     standard 6.0.1 tools disk?


     If you have a RamFAST, you also have the option of using the RamFAST
utilities. These are on ROM on the RamFAST board. They should be copied to disk
or hard disk and run from there. RAMFAST.SYSTEM will handle ProDOS partitioning
and low-level formatting.

     Since Zip disks are already formatted, you will, mainly, be concerned with
setting up partitions. On a 100MB Zip disk, the best partitioning is three 32MB
ProDOS volumes. Setting up partitions takes less than a minute. A low-level
reformat of a 100MB Zip disk may take 10 minutes or more.


From: Rubywand

014- Should I just let the System Finder handle formatting of
     new Zip disks?

     If you are at the usual System Desktop display and insert a new, "blank"
Zip disk, you will be told that the disk's format is not recognized and asked
if you want to have it formatted. Assuming you want ProDOS volumes or multiple
HFS volumes, you should answer "NO":

A new Zip disk is already formatted; what you need is to have it partitioned--
good, because partitioning takes about 30 seconds whereas a format takes 9-10

ProDOS is limited to 32,768kB ("32MB") per partition. The Finder does not know
how to correctly format and partition a 100MB ProDOS disk.

Reminder: If you want a disk to be able to boot ProDOS or any version of GS/OS
(as in System 6.0.1), at least the first partition must be formatted for


From: Supertimer

     I say "Yes", _if_ you want one big HFS-formatted Zip disk. (Unlike ProDOS,
HFS allows volumes larger than 32MB.) Letting the Finder format the Zip disk
for HFS gives you a 96MB (partition-table-less) "diskette" that's faster than
one that has been partitioned, even if the partition = the whole disk.

     The "partitionless" HFS volume generated by formatting PC Zip disks from
the Finder behaves just like a floppy and ejects and mounts like one (but with
a hard disk icon).


From: Rubywand

015- Can I format a Zip disk for HFS; and, can HFS and ProDOS
     volumes exist on the same Zip disk?

     Yes. System 6 with HFS.FST in the SYSTEM/FSTS folder supports Read, Write,
Formatting, and Partitioning of HFS disks. The standard Apple Advanced Disk
Utilities (ADU) program lets you set up a Zip disk as a single 100MB HFS volume
or divide it into partitions.

Note: A "partition" is a "volume". In most respects, partitions on a Hard Disk
or Zip disk are treated like separate disks. Each partition has its own volume
name and appears on the System Finder display with its own icon.

     You can, if you like, have ProDOS and HFS partitions on the same Zip disk.
One easy way to do this is to set up, say, three ProDOS partitions and, then,
have ADU "Initialize" a partition as HFS. If you want to be able to boot from
the Zip disk, at least the first partition must be ProDOS.


016- Often, when I power-ON my computer, the disk in my Zip Drive
     is not recognized. What's the problem?

     Almost immediately after power-up, your SCSI interface begins checking for
devices. Most likely, the problem is that your SCSI interface checks the Zip
Drive before it is ready and decides no disk is present.

     The cure is to put your Zip Drive, CD-ROM drive, etc. on a separate power
line. These devices should be switched ON 5-10 seconds before powering-ON the
computer. If you depend upon reading SCSI setup information from your Zip Drive--
like, if it is the only write-able device on the SCSI chain-- then a Zip disk
on which the setup info has been saved should be inserted after the drive is
switched ON and before powering-ON the computer.


017- Sometimes the 3.5" drives on my GS do not function correctly.
     This started after adding a SCSI interface card. Is there
     a fix?

     This problem seems to crop up from time to time when a SCSI interface is
present, especially when no device is connected and recognized on the SCSI
chain. Evidently, something (e.g. a register or softswitch) in the usual GS
power-up routine relating to on-line devices gets messed up.

     Inserting a 3.5" diskette into Drive 1 before or just after power-up
usually forces recognition of 3.5" diskette drives and enables correct


From: LJ Silicon

018- I get this message 'Ramfast/SCSI is searching the SCSI bus for
     devices..etc.'  Never had this problem before-- only does it
     on a cold boot.

     When you reinstalled the software, the RAMFast set itself for a long
search. This is an option that you can change using the RAMFast utility. What
it is doing is giving your scsi devices a chance to spin up. If you want a fast
check, go to the options menu on the utilities and reset the Short Timeout
option there to "YES".


From: Dan Brown, KE6MKS

019- What's a good utility for doing tape backups on the GS?

        Here follows an unpaid testimonial:  The Tim Grams GS desktop SCSI
backup utility called "GSTape"  works great!  I got it for an old Apple Tape
40SC, did several backup/restores, and then ran across a 2GB DAT drive. Yep, it
worked with no problems, too!  (-:


From: Devin Reade

     As one of those very satisfied customers, I testify that for someone with
a SCSI tape drive, GSTape is very much worth the money.  It is reliable and
simple to operate in both backup and restore mode.  It has an appropriate
script capability and, although I have not used this feature, it allows timed
backups (so that you don't have to be present).

It is _much_ better than the RAMFast built-in tape backup program.  I currently
use it to backup both SCSI and Vulcan (IDE) hard drives.


From: Phil Abel

020- I have a IIgs ROM01 with system 6.0 and I am trying to add a
     SCSI Tape backup unit. I have an Apple Hi-Speed SCSI card
     and 2 drives connected currently. The tape drive is off an old
     unix box. I have the ID set to 3. I loaded the system 6.0 SCSI
     tape driver but nothing showed up on the desktop. What's wrong?

     I have recently gone thru this dilemma myself... First of all, I believe
that the GS driver is partial to the 3M mechanism as found in the Apple SC40
tape unit. I tried a Tecmar drive (whatever mechanism that is) on my GS, and
though it recognized the drive on boot as a SCSI device, when I went into
archiver to try to back something up it didn't acknowledge the drive's
presence, although the SCSITAPE device showed up in GS/OS. I later found a good
deal on an SC40 and hooked it up and it works perfectly, though I am still
curious about making the Tecmar work, though I doubt it will.

#1. I have read that you should set the SCSI ID on a tape drive to 0 (lowest
priority) if this will help any... this seemed to eliminate annoying searching
of the tape drive on boot.

#2. Another thing-- The tape drive will NOT show up on the System desktop. It
does not work like a regular drive. You need a special program (aka Archiver in
GSOS or I believe there are some 8 bit programs, too) that knows how to store
files on the tape.

     Open Advanced Disk Utilities when in GSOS and see if the SCSITAPE unit is
present-- then you will know the drive was identified ok. Then the next test--
see if you can backup. Open  archiver, set your "backup to..." device as
SCSITAPE and hit start.

     When the thing says "insert first backup tape" you insert a tape and hit
OK. If it starts giving you errors or repeating the message, then GS/OS doesn't
like your tape unit. If it works... then go out for a pizza or something while
the thing whiles away at your files. Try recovering selected files after the
backup to make sure the archive went ok so you can begin trusting in your tape


From: Bill Harris

The device number (other than being unique) should not be relevent to backing
up to tape.  I've always used something in the middle range of numbers for my
tape, typically id 3 or 4.  This included when I  was still using the RF prom
for backup.


From: Rubywand

     RamFAST has a Backup function you can get to via Ramfast.system.

     You need to have the "HD Backup" option under the [O]ptions menu set to
"No" in order to use tape (instead of something like a Zip Drive) for backup.
Then, you can select [B]ackup from the main menu bar.

     Regarding the SCSI device number setting, 3 may be fine on a RamFAST.
Probably, you would want to remove any Apple drivers named "SCSI ..." from the
DRIVERS/ folder to eliminate possible conflicts with the Ramfast driver.


From: Glynne Tolar

021- What about tape backup on a IIe?

     The RamFAST has built-in volume image backup software (in background).
The only backup software I know of for the //e for tape drives is by Tim Grams
and it only works with an Apple Rev. C SCSI and the Apple Tape Backup 40SC (3m
MCD-40). This software is no longer supported though.


From: Supertimer

022- I've heard that Apple's Hi-Speed SCSI card does not
     allow swapping Zip disks without turning OFF the computer.
     Is this true?

     No. The Apple Hi-Speed SCSI interface allows ejecting and swapping
removable disks. With a partitioned Zip disk (or CD-ROM), you have to lasso or
shift-click to highlight all the partitions and drag them to the trash to eject
the disk. (As long as one partition remains on the desktop, the disk stays in.)
There is no need to turn off the computer to swap disks.


From: Gareth Jones

023- What can I do after the Zip drive connected to my Apple SCSI
     goes into Sleep Mode?

     A solution is "goosing" the drive by manually ejecting and reinserting it.
Apparently, using the SCSI driver for the Apple Card that was sold by Tulin
Technologies solves a lot of troubles with the Apple card and a Zip drive. You
can get the Tulin SCSI driver from ...
Mr. Wing Chung (104465.3171@COMPUSERVE.COM)
for $20.


From: Tony Cianfaglione

024- What is the "Click of Death"? Is there a fix?

     Your drive starts to make repeated clicking sounds and soon fails.
Disks in a drive which Clicks may be corrupted and, if placed in a good
drive, may cause a good drive to start Clicking.

     If your Zip drive starts to do noticeable clicking, the standard advice
is to immediately eject the disk or, if this is not possible, turn OFF power
to the drive (or pull out the power connector on the side of the drive).
This may save the drive if the disk is bad or save the disk if the drive has
gone bad.

     The reason for click death is that the lube on the two tiny square rails
that the head assembly travels back and forth on dries out!  (Evidently,
Iomega's earlier machines used better quality lube than that used in some
later production runs.)

     When the head assembly can no longer reach track 0, the drive thinks
it's there so it writes track 0 elsewhere on the disk. Later, when even
that track 0 can't be found, the drive beats itself to death trying to
find track 0.  This is why click death disks can damage a good drive as
the drives beat themselves to death trying to read track 0 on the bad
disk. I've successfully repaired the drives by opening them up and
relubing the rails with a good lube.

     I've had success with repairing the directories on disks destroyed
by 'click death' drives. I'd tried reformatting the disks on Win95 and 98
machines but the format utility (even long format with verify) gives up
too quickly and reports the disk is either locked or damaged.  Scandisk
refuses to even look at the disks and reports there is something wrong
with them.

     Using the Win3.1 guiutil.exe on an old 486, I was able to reformat
the disks and they now work fine on all the various machines I've tried
them on. This may work with internal drives too but I use my good external
parallel drive and click on the drive icon and select format from the
menu. When the disk starts to click, press eject and a message will appear
that the disk has a format and would you like to continue formatting with

     Re-inject the disk, select continue and the format/verify will run for
9 minutes and 27 seconds, successfully repairing the disk every time I've
tried it this way (I've repaired 23 disks so far by this method including
a couple my friend was ready to throw out as he had tried just about
everything - even a Mac).  Scandisk will even verify the disk is fine and
I've had no further problems with any of the disks repaired in this
manner.  Is the older version a better program?  I think it's that the
Win3.1 guiutil.exe doesn't scrutinize the disks as much as the later
versions do and simply does the deed, which is the best way.

     This method shouldn't work either but it does. Give it a try before
heaving your disks. I constantly use the repaired disks and have never
had a repeat failure with them.

Note: There is no guarantee that every drive or disk can be repaired
as described above. Some drives or disks may be too badly trashed.

Download guiutil.exe

From: Scott Alfter

025- What is a "Qic" tape? A friend needs to read a Qic-80 tape.

QIC-80 is a format, not a brand or a specifier of capacity.  Uncompressed
capacity for tapes in this format range from 60 megs (DC2120) to 250 megs (TR-1
Extra).  It was preceded by QIC-40 and has since been superseded by QIC-3010,
QIC-3020, and QIC-3095 (the latter format delivers 4 gigabytes (uncompressed)
on a TR-4 tape, and is available in SCSI and IDE flavors for fast operation).

I'm not sure what format the 40-meg tape drive Apple used to sell used...it
might've been QIC-80 with a shorter tape (they use DC2000 tapes), but it was
probably different.  I've never had one. For my GS, the tape drive I currently
use is an Archive Viper 60S (QIC-24 format, SCSI interface, puts 60 megs on a
DC600 cartridge).


From: Supertimer

026- How do I restart my HS SCSI + Zip when the Zip deactivates?

     The problem is with the Apple SCSI driver. The Zip drive normally
deactivates itself after a period of time to conserve energy. The Apple SCSI
driver fails to reactivate the Zip when the IIGS tries to access it. If this
happens in some programs, data can get corrupted. If it happens in the Finder,
the Finder will ask you if you want to format the Zip disk.

     You can reacivate your Zip by hitting the eject button and pushing the Zip
disk back into the drive after it has ejected. People call this "goosing" the
Zip drive. It works and reactivates the Zip.

     One complete fix is to replace the Apple SCSI driver with the Tulin one.
Some former Tulin employee on Compuserve sells it for $20.